Epidemiologic and experimental studies indicate that a greater proportion of females than males report pain 4150although findings concerning sex differences in pain-related functional impairment are less consistent 1517 Overall pain was assessed by asking participants to rate their average overall i. The broader pain literature has found sex to be important when understanding pain severity and impact. Female participants were hypothesized to report greater pain intensity amputation-related and general and pain interference. Where can I find stuff? However, that study did not assess functional impairment related to pain and, thus, cannot directly speak to the sex differences in pain interference observed in the current study. Epidemiology of sickness absence in a Swedish county inand
A total of persons completed the surveys, representing a return-rate of
Sex Differences in Pain and Psychological Functioning in Persons with Limb Loss
Coping with chronic pain among younger, middle-aged, and older adults living with neurological injury and disease. Functional disability due to back pain: In reality, the liner just made me feel more comfortable and safer because I was keeping my residual limb covered. Reminder postcards were mailed to all potential participants who had not returned a survey three weeks after the survey mailing. Self-report scales and procedures for assessing pain in adults. Participants indicated the frequency of these cognitions on a 7-point scale anchored at 0 never and 6 always.